Mayan Archaeology > Campeche > Campeche
The impressive jaws of monstrous serpents
Hochob is a Mayan word meaning “place of the corn stalks”. It is an archaeological zone where both the Puuc and Chenes styles are displayed. Although we do not know its exact timeline, it is possible that its occupation began during the late Classic period, around the year 800 A.D.
The first report of the existence of this archaeological site is credited to the researcher and explorer Teobert Maler who, in 1887 visited the place, and published some photographs in Globus magazine in 1895.
The site was built on a 30 meter high natural hill. The hill’s summit was flattened to be used as a platform for the only group of constructions of the location; its approximate dimensions are 200 by 50.
The buildings’ facades which symbolize the open mouths of serpents, in reference to the Earth monster, are an example of the Chenes style. Large and small stone blocks that are perfectly placed form emotional masks of the god Itzamná, who’s menacing open jaws highlight the entrance of buildings which almost certainly housed temples, chambers, and priestly chambers.
Four buildings are located in the small rectangular shaped Ceremonial Plaza. The Main Palace stands out with a masked-façade, and annexed chambers. The centeral chamber is the highest and is the most abundantly decorated along its façade.
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Departing from the city of Campeche, access is towards Hopelchén, 87 km ahead on federal highway 261; from there, approximately 40 km towards Dzibalchén, on the Chencoh turn, take the dirt road, the site can be found 14 km ahead.