The most impressive of the temples to the God Kin, located in the Usumacinta riverbed.
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It is located on the western end of the municipality of Tenosique, Tabasco
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Accidentally discovered in 1959 by a group of peasants during the inspection of the land for agricultural use, the archaeological zone of Pomoná is located east of Tabasco, about 250 kilometers from Villahermosa and 40 km from Tenosique de Pino Suárez.
It is built over various mounds that served as separation points between two very different geographical areas, both ruled by the flow of the Usumacinta River. This region, called Usumacinta province, grouped (within territory in Tabasco and over the sedentary plains that lead the river to the Gulf of Mexico) the Mayan cities of Moral Reforma, Santa Elena and San Claudio and in the state of Chiapas, an abrupt landscape, crossing through valleys and over mountains, and many other cities, including Palenque, Bonampak, Yaxchilan and Piedras Negras.
The region reached its peak in the late Classic period (600 to 900 A.D.) as shown by field studies conducted between 1986 and 1988, which established its importance in 692 A.D. One of these hieroglyphic texts states that Pomoná was allied with Palenque and, in 790 A.D., stood against and was defeated by the city of Piedras Negras, in Guatemala.
The quality of its land (alluvium) facilitated agricultural exploitation, of which a fair amount of evidence has been found, showing that the Mayans in this area used advanced techniques such as terraces and elevated fields.
Archaeologists classify Pomoná as a “dispersed settlement”. There was a considerable distance between the hill summits where the monumental groups are located, and there are very few constructions in-between them. In any case, the archaeological site consists of six main architectural groups, along with some residential areas, distributed over almost 175 hectares at the right margin of the Pomoná creek, a small tributary of the Usumacinta.
Of the six architectural groups, the one located in the north end of Group I is the only one that has been excavated and consolidated. It consists of 13 buildings located on three sides of a rectangular-based plaza.
The Center of this plaza is dominated by a low altar, accessed by four staircases with rafters, one façade, with a sloped body shape, and another façade with a richly molded panel.
The Central Plaza also groups Temples V, VI, and VII, all constructed in the same scheme: a base with steps crowned with a temple covered by a vault.
At the north side Temple I there is a pyramid with seven staggered bodies, which rewards ascending visitors with a beautiful view.
Nevertheless, the most interesting building in Pomoná is Temple IV, consisting of a staggered base that leads to a temple in its upper end with beautifully carved rafters, which are formed by four panels representing the god Kin, the Sun. The ruins of walls that formed the temple, two centerlines and three unsupported accesses covered by a Mayan vault or false arch were also found in the upper sections. Inside, sculptural panels were found, representing richly dressed figures, with hieroglyphic inscriptions.
The onsite museum, small but well organized, displays, apart from objects recovered during the explorations, a collection of pieces that synthesizes the archaeological findings of this region. The collection is composed of 120 archaeological pieces. The most interesting features are the stelae, the panels and the museology on the daily life of the Mayans. Noteworthy among them are the limestone carvings on the “Tombstone of the Scribe”, a stela and a bust representing two unidentified dignitaries, a figurehead of the god Sun Jaguar of the underworld, the figure of an old bearded man wearing a hat, and other objects such as the curious flint knives.
Wear comfortable footwear, preferably something sporty, that allows you to easily walk and access the different areas in the archaeological site.
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How to arrive
The archaeological zone is located about 249 kilometers from Villahermosa, on the 186 highway Villa...
The archaeological zone is located about 249 kilometers from Villahermosa, on the 186 highway Villahermosa-Escárcega. 20 km from Playas de Catazajá, turn right on the state highway that goes through Emiliano Zapata and keep driving towards Tenosique. After 45 kilometers, the turn leading to the archaeological zone can be found.
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