Volcán Tacaná Biosphere Reserve
Natural Areas > Chiapas
Located northwest of the city of Tapachula. El Tacaná or "House of Fire" is an active volcano that is 4,093 meters high, making it the highest summit in the State of Chiapas and throughout southeastern Mexico. It has an area of 6,378 hectares, spanning the municipalities of Tapachula, Cacahoatan and Unión Juárez.It is the habitat of numerous species of flora and fauna, which lead to it being declared a Biosphere Reserve in January 2003.
It is inhabited by cloud forests, and tropical páramo and chusquea ecosystems. The lower area has a high mountain ecosystem, as the land rises it becomes a mountainous system and then a cloud forest. The flora includes pines, oaks and conifers. Among the endemic species are frailejones and orchids.
Some animals found in the area are: ocelot, collared boar, deer goat, great curassow, emerald toucanet, quetzal, peacock and crested eagle.
Its geographical structure makes it a great place for mountaineering enthusiasts, although it is recommended to climb with a guide who knows the area.