Mayan Archaeology > Campeche > Campeche
The Jaina figurines
PDue to its location (Jaina is located on an island on the northern coast of Campeche), this ceremonial center may have been named Hanal, from “ha” meaning “water” and “na”, meaning “house”, which translates as “House on the Water”.
Its golden age took place in the mid and late Classic period, and, according to evidence, it was a fishing culture.
Jaina, which is closed to the public, is important due to its handmade figurines, which were meant to accompany the deceased in their journey to the afterlife. Made meticulously and delicately, their great realism displays a faithful representation of a society’s attire, traits, and symbols.
Some researchers have classified these figurines; for example, Miller (1975) who classified nearly 300 of them and divided them in three types: the first is linked to the gestures or expressions; the second according to the characteristics of the clothing, and finally, the third type which corresponds to representations of long-stem flowers from where a person emerges.
Depart from San Francisco de Campeche to the north, on federal highway 180. The town of Pomuch is about 50 kilometers ahead, here, take highway 15 on the left to the highway leading to Jaina Island. Jaina Island is about 40 kilometers west, past Petén national park.