Calakmul Biosphere Reserve

Natural Areas > Campeche

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Located in south-eastern Campeche, the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve is part of the largest rainforest in Mexico. Its privileged natural environment offers a vast diversity of animal and plant life for you to discover at every step.

There are more than 1,600 varieties of plants, 73 types of orchids and 94 species of mammals, making it one of the 15 priority areas for the conservation of mammals in the country. The diversity of animal species includes stunning felines such as the oncilla, jaguar, ocelot and puma, and other species such as the white-tailed deer, armadillo, anteater, peccary, tapir, howler monkey and spider monkey. There are also more than 350 species of birds, 16 types of amphibians, 400 types of butterflies and 50 species of reptiles.

The biodiversity of Calakmul’s forests has allowed various species of trees to grow here, including cedar, lignum vitae, mahogany, sapodilla, dalbergia retusa, tzalam, chechen, chaka and jabin.

Calakmul has great potential for hosting ecotourism activities due to its natural beauty, diversity of flora and fauna, archaeological sites and a growing hotel and restaurant infrastructure. The local guides are trained in ecotourism and give tours that allow tourists to appreciate the rainbow of colors among the birds, flowers, butterflies, plants and animals that can be seen along the trails.

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Flora and Fauna


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